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Renewable Energy Sources ("RES")

Background

During the 1970-80’s, Romania was one of the leading users of RES, with over 800,000 m2 low quality Photovoltaic converters (PV) installed, the third largest in the world in terms of total surface. This included a 30KW solar panel on the roof of the Polytechnic University in central Bucharest.

In 2007, Romania was producing 0.81MWp of RES. Romania benefits from over 210 sunny days per year and has a technical capacity of 600-800KWh/m2/pa.

Current Projects in progress

Rominterm, in conjunction with Rom Petrom, has been providing green energy using Calor Gas in Mangalia and has a current project installing 600 panels in Mangalia and two seaside resorts along the coast. This project is expected to provide 70% of the hot water needs by 2010, with a further 1500 panels over 1400m2, planned for electricity.

In Alba Iulia, 1700 PV panels are being installed to provide 257KW pa.

Similarly, in Giurgiu, 174 are being installed to provide 39KW pa.  A further 50 panels are being installed at Saturn holiday resort, providing 112KW pa.

Near to Timisoara, Covaci Solar Park is implementing 480,000 panels, iver a 560 hectare site, providing 35MW of electricity pa. The solar panels are supplied by First Solar Inc in USA.

Several Wind Turbine systems have already been piloted, particularly along the Black Sea coast and in the west of the country. The Black Sea coast, Dobregea and Oltenia regions are currently producing 1600KWh/m2/pa using wind turbines.

Legal Issues

The reason for this is that the law has been changed forcing the electricity companies to purchase any excess electricity produced by these installations.

As yet, this law does not apply to PV based systems, but is expected to be enacted in the near future.

However, there are numerous examples of small installations to provide power or hot water for small commercial applications (e.g lighting road signs) and private homes.

This has resulted in a number of start companies being formed, hoping to take advantage of this change in the law for PV and other RES solutions. Setting up a company in Romania is currently bureaucratic and long-winded, but companies specialising in such activities do exist to assist.

NAER (National Association for Electricity Resources) registration and approval is required if a company is to provide electricity facilities.  See www.hr.ro/digest/200811/ for details.

An exhibition, RENEXPO, took place in Palace Hall, Bucharest between 11-13 November 2009.

As understood, major Global players in this market include Enercon, Gamesa, GE Energy, Q-Cells, Sharp Solar, Sunopta and Vestas. There seems to be no evidence of their presence in Romania at this time.

EU requires that all new Public buildings must produce their own energy requirements by 2016. The same applies to all new building by 2019.

Research indicates that 1m2 PV panels can produce 150-240 KWh/pa.

It is therefore estimated that 30km2 of land would be needed to replace the output from the Candu 6 Nuclear Power plant.








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